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姜国华:理解中国股市的逻辑

北京大学光华管理学院会计学副教授、博士生导师

 
 
 

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北京大学光华管理学院会计学教授、博士生导师、美国加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校哈斯商学院博士。著有《财务报表分析与证券投资》 博时基金高级投资顾问、毕马威会计师公司全球估值顾问

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苹果创始人之一把220亿的股票800元卖掉  

2010-06-28 09:22:16|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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         1976年4月1日(愚人节),Steve Jobs(乔布斯)、Steve Wozniak和Ron Wayne共同创建了苹果公司。前两人分别持有45%的股权,Ron Wayne持有10%的股权。11天后,Ron Wayne把自己10%的股权卖给了钱两人,卖了800美元。如果持有到今天,这10%的股权将值220亿美元。下面是他的一些话:

“我没有住在豪华别墅里,我靠社保基金生活,我收集和交易邮票”

 “我之前创建了一家公司,最后负了几千美元的债务。我怕这次(苹果公司)又会是同样的下场“

“我能说什么呢。我在当时的情况下做了(卖掉股票)的决定,我就得承担这个决定的后果”

 “我不允许自己去回想如果我留在苹果公司现在会怎样“

“当你在历史的转折点时,你意识不到你是在历史的转折点上”

 

 

The gambling man who co-founded Apple and left for $800

 

By Dan Simon, CNN

STORY HIGHLIGHTS


Ron Wayne, 76, is one of the original Apple, Inc. founders
After 11 days, Wayne sold his 10 percent stake in the company for $800
"When you're at a focal point of history, you don't realize you're at a focal point," he says

Pahrump, Nevada (CNN) -- Ron Wayne is usually just another gambler at the Nugget Hotel & Casino in Nevada. He comes here a couple of days a week to try his luck on the video poker machine. But on this trip, he drew some curious onlookers, as he was escorted by a CNN camera crew. A gift-shop worker asked him if he's famous.

"Well, I'm one of the founders of Apple Computer," Wayne responded.

Wayne, 76, is used to the puzzled looks. He said people assume that he must be living in a mansion.

"I'm living off my Social Security and I do a modest trade in collectors' stamps and coins," he said.

The irony of being inside a casino is not lost on Wayne. After all, if his short-lived career at Apple had gone differently, he would be holding a different kind of winnings: 10 percent of Apple's stock.

Today, that stock would be worth $22 billion.

Wayne left Apple for only $800.

"What can I say? You make a decision based on your understanding of the circumstances, and you live with it," he said.

Wayne's tenure at Apple began on April 1, 1976. His name is signed on the legal document that established Apple -- next to those of Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, the Silicon Valley giants most people associate with the popular tech company, which makes the iPhone and iPad.

Jobs and Wayne had become friends a few years earlier while both were working for the Atari Corporation.

"We did get fairly chummy, had lunch together, dinner together and had conversations," he said.

As Wayne tells it, Jobs asked for his help in drafting documents and mediating a dispute between Jobs and Wozniak. He also drafted the company's first logo and operating manual. For this work, Wayne was awarded a 10 percent stake in Apple.

"What Jobs had in mind was that he and Woz [as Wozniak is sometimes called] should each have 45 percent and I would have 10 percent as mediator in any dispute that would come up," he said.

That account is backed up by other reports.

In Steve Wozniak's autobiography, "iWoZ," he described Wayne as "one of those people who seemed to have a quick answer for everything."

"He seemed to know all the things we didn't," Wozniak wrote. "Ron ended up play a huge role in those very early days at Apple."

But Wayne had early misgivings. He had been unsuccessful in starting a slot-machine manufacturing business. He racked up thousands of dollars in debt.

With Apple, he was concerned history would repeat itself.

"I could see myself getting into this situation again, and I was really getting too old for that kind of thing," Wayne said, noting that his partners at Apple were 20 years younger than he was.

"The way these guys were going, they were going to bulldoze through anything to make this company succeed. But it was going to be very rough ride, and if I wasn't careful, I was going to be the richest man in the cemetery."

Eleven days after Apple was formed, Wayne removed himself from the company charter. He eventually was given $800 for his stake in Apple, and he let go of that valuable Apple stock, which has exploded in value since.

Wayne said he doesn't let himself wonder how things could have been different if he had chosen to stay with Apple.

"Obviously he [Wayne] didn't have the foresight to know what Apple would become. Like any company in the very early stages, there's a risk associated and you've got to be willing to take it, or you're not," said Ben Bajarin, a technology industry analyst for Creative Strategies.

Wayne, whose net worth is mostly tied up in his extensive coin and stamp collection, said he's as "enamored with money as anybody else."

"But when you're at a focal point of history, you don't realize you're at a focal point of history," he said.

A retired engineer, who has worked at various companies since his departure, Wayne said he never has owned an Apple product.

"I never had a real use for computers," he said. He recently purchased a Dell, saying he's too familiar with Microsoft Windows to want to switch.

 

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